The Ten Kings, Part II of II

To Honor Jesus Christ, Glorify God, Encourage Believers, & Warn All
Part II Est 01-30-2005 Changed 07-29-2007
Part I  Est 06-05-2002


This information is offered with the hope that YOU can come to KNOW the Lord personally.

A reader (Richard) wrote and suggested that Psalms 83 might contain the 10 kings.  So, I started to look and this is what I found.

Firstly, we have a confederation in favor of destroying the nation Israel (against the purposes of God.)
A Song or Psalm of Asaph. Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God.  For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head. They have taken crafty counsel against thy people , and consulted against thy hidden ones. They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation ; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance. For they have consulted together with one consent : they are confederate against thee:     -- Psalms 83:1-5

Just who is part of this confederation?  And where are they located?  Are kings listed and how many?  Since they are to consult together with one consent , then, (upon identifying these) it will be clear that this is a future confederacy because all these have never consulted together in the past.
The tabernacles of Edom , and the Ishmaelites; of Moab , and the Hagarenes; [Hagar’s descendents?] Gebal [1], and Ammon [2], and Amalek[3]; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre; Assur [4] also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah. -- Psalms 83:6-8

Do unto them as unto the Midianites; as to Sisera[5], as to Jabin[6], at the brook of Kison:   Which perished at Endor: they became as dung for the earth.  -- Psalms 83:9-10

Make their nobles like Oreb [7],  and like Zeeb [8]: yea, all their princes as Zebah [9], and as Zalmunna [10]:   Who said, Let us take to ourselves the houses of God in possession.   -- Psalms 83:11-12

O my God, make them like a wheel; as the stubble before the wind. As the fire burneth a wood, and as the flame setteth the mountains on fire; So persecute them with thy tempest, and make them afraid with thy storm. Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek thy name, O LORD. Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish:  That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth. -- Psalms 83:13-18

The LORD will not be known as the most high over all the earth until He returns.  Consequently, these verses are yet future.

The general locations of these kings is given as " Edom", "Moab ", the " inhabitants of Tyre ", the " Midianites ."
The Edomites are located in Western Jordan, in the southernmost part.  The Moabites are located in Western Jordan in the central portion, and Tyre was a city in what is now modern Lebanon . (originally Tyre was shown incorrectly as in Syria).

What do we know of Midian?  We quote from Encyclopaedia Judaica .

"MIDIAN (Heb.  Nydm,   Mynydm Gen. 37:28, Mynydm), name of a people or a group of (semi-) nomadic peoples in the Bible (LXX, Madian, or Madiam; 1QIsa 60:6, Mydm). The Midianites are among the sons of Abraham and Keturah who were sent to "the land of the East" (Gen. 25:1–6). "Midianite traders" are mentioned in the episode about the sale of Joseph (Gen. 37:28). Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, was a Midianite priest living in the land of Midian (Ex. 2:15–3:1); he met Moses in the wilderness of Sinai (Ex. 18: 1–5), and the members of his family accompanied the Israelites in their wanderings in the desert (Num. 10:29–32). The elders of Midian displayed hostility toward the Israelites on the plains of Moab (22:7) and the Israelites fought the Midianites, killing many of them (31: 1–20).

In Greek-Roman and Arabic sources Midian is mentioned in Arabia, as well as on the shore of the Red Sea , and, according to Josephus (Ant. 2:257), this is the biblical Midian (cf. Eusebius, Onom. 124:6).

It may be said of the Midianites that were directly involved in both the travels of the nation Israel INTO and OUT of Egypt.  It was the Midianites who sold Joseph into Egypt and it was Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, in whose land Moses prepared for 40 years to lead the nation Israel OUT of Egypt.  The Sinai is part of modern Egypt .  In Judges 6:33, the Midianites did ally with the Amalekites against Israel.  Perhaps the Midianites refers to the Gaza strip because the Gaza was ceded to Israel by Egypt.

So far, we have involved the nations of Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt, and perhaps the north-western part of Saudi Arabia.  Let's talk about the ten kings themselves.

[1] Gebal
The inhabitants of Zidon and Arvad were thy mariners: thy wise men, O Tyrus, that were in thee, were thy pilots.  The ancients of Gebal and the wise men thereof were in thee thy calkers: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in thee to occupy thy
   -- Ezekiel 27:8-9

Other than Psalm 83, Gebal appears only in the above verse, which clearly shows that the modern nation Lebanon/Syria includes Zidon, Arvad, and Gebal.  Zidon and Gebal are in Lebanon and Arvad is in Syria.
[2] Ammon
Amman is the capital of Jordan .  In fact, the King of Jordan has recently decided to "democraticize" his country and divide it into 3 parts which have elected regional officials or appear to make Jordan similar to western republics.  These 3 parts could easily be Edom, Moab, and Ammon, about which we are speaking.  There are 91 occurrences of Ammon in the Bible.  Curiously, the last one is as follows-

Therefore as I live, saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, Surely Moab shall be as Sodom, and the children of Ammon as Gomorrah, even the breeding of nettles, and saltpits, and a perpetual desolation: the residue of my people shall spoil them, and the remnant of my people shall possess them. -- Zephaniah 2:9

We know that the above has not happened yet.

[3] Amalek
And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau's son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek : these were the sons of Adah Esau's wife.  
 -- Genesis 36:12

Duke Korah, duke Gatam, and duke Amalek : these are the dukes that came of Eliphaz in the land of Edom ; these were the sons of Adah.    -- Genesis 36:16
Amalek is therefore an Edomite in the country of Jordan .

[4] Assur
Assur was a town located in what is now modern Iraq north of Tikrit near Mosul.  (see Harper Atlas of the Bible page 126)

Is it not interesting that this verse is as follows?
Assur also is joined with them : they have holpen the children of Lot [the Moabites ]. Selah. -- Psalms 83:8
Who is the THEY?
The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes; (Hagar’s descendents?)-- Psalms 83:6
Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek ; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre ; -- Psalms 83:7

Is there any doubt that Jordan (Edom, Ammon, and Moab), Lebanon (Sidon and Gebal and Tyre), Syria (Arvad), and Iraq (Assur) will be JOINED together?  

Look at the route of antichrist from his place in the north .  The route passes through the joined countries.

Curiously, the last of the 2 Bible verses with Assur in them says-
Now when the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the children of the captivity builded the temple unto the Lord God of Israel; then they came to Zerubbabel, and to the chief of the fathers, and said unto them, Let us build with you: for we seek your God, as ye do; and we do sacrifice unto him since the days of Esarhaddon king of Assur, which brought us up hither.     -- Ezra 4:1-2
In other words, lying to the Jews who want to rebuild the temple will happen during the 70th week of Daniel just like it did here and the " King of Assur " will be involved.  Will the antichrist from "Assur" send his emissaries to Jerusalem to tell this lie again?  

[5] Sisera
And the LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Hazor; the captain of whose host was Sisera, which dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles.     -- Judges 4:2
According to the National Geographic Atlas of the World on page 76, Hazor is just west of the Golan Heights in Israel!!!!!  Of course, anything too west of the Golan Heights in Israel is in the Mediterranean.  So we know that west of the Golan Heights is a short distance.

[6] Jabin
And the LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Hazor ; the captain of whose host was Sisera, which dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles.     -- Judges 4:2
Hazor is in northern Israel just west of the Golan Heights (see above).

[7] Oreb
And they took two princes of the Midianites , Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon on the other side Jordan.   
-- Judges 7:25
Oreb is therefore a Midianite and is positioned in the Sinai, southwest of Israel in what is now Egypt.

[8] Zeeb
God hath delivered into your hands the princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb: and what was I able to do in comparison of you? Then their anger was abated toward him, when he had said that.     -- Judges 8:3
Zeeb is therefore a Midianite and is positioned in the Sinai, southwest of Israel in what is now Egypt.

[9] Zebah
And he said unto the men of Succoth, Give, I pray you, loaves of bread unto the people that follow me; for they be faint, and I am pursuing after Zebah and Zalmunna, kings of Midian   -- Judges 8:5
Zebah is therefore a Midianite and is positioned in the Sinai, southwest of Israel in what is now Egypt.

[10] Zalmunna
And he said unto the men of Succoth, Give, I pray you, loaves of bread unto the people that follow me; for they be faint, and I am pursuing after Zebah and Zalmunna, kings of Midian   -- Judges 8:5
Zalmunna is therefore a Midianite and is positioned in the Sinai, southwest of Israel in what is now Egypt.

Here is a schematic showing the relative geographical positions of Israel and the 10 Kings.  The 10 Kings are in bold face.  Talk about Israel being surrounded.

                                                  Syria                                                                        ASSUR in Iraq                
                                                                                                                                                                                                               GEBAL in Lebanon                                                                

SISERA, JABIN in Golan Heights
AMMON in Jordan

Moabites in Jordan
(children of Lot helped)

AMALEK in Jordan

Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. - Psalms 83:8

Let us think on this - If there are ten kings and three of the ten kings are, in effect, REPLACED by the antichrist, will this not leave 7 kings?  However, they may not be REPLACED, they may GIVE WAY to the antichrist. We know from Revelation 17:12-13 that the ten kings RECEIVE power as kings for ONE HOURWITH the antichrist.  

And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast. -- Revelation 17:12-13

This seems to imply that the antichrist receives power along with the 10 kings.  Who is the donor of such power? Since the antichrist receives power at the mid-point in the tribulation,

And there was GIVEN unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was GIVEN unto him to continue forty and two months. -- Rev 13:5

it seems that the ONE HOUR begins at this time or somewhat later.  The donor of such power is Satan with the agreement of the ten kings.

In Daniel, we read of the same situation occurring at the same time -

And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings   -- Daniel 7:24

After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns. I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots : and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things .   -- Daniel 7:7-8

Since Rev 17:13 says that they (all 10 kings) GIVE their power and their strength unto the beast, this must mean that the antichrist assumes power (as the antichrist) IN THE LOCALES of these THREE KINGS simultaneoulsy in such a manner that they will effectively be JOINed (see Psalms 83:8) together as ONE entity.

If you read the text very carefully what you have is the JOINING of ASSUR, AMMON, and AMALEK (all 3 of whom will still remain kings, but their kingdoms will be united under the antichrist.)  Is it any wonder that the Jordanian monarchy is seeking to give  democracy a chance in Jordan by dividing his country into 3 parts, 2 of which (Ammon and Amalek) could become included in the 10 Kings?  

from the website-
we read-

King Abdullah discusses the division of Jordan to three districts
Jordan, Politics, 1/27/2005

The Jordanian King Abdullah II said he will reconsider the administrative divisions in the Kingdom in order to form three districts of elected local councils, with each district including several governorates.

The Jordanian King said that he will form shortly a royal committee with a mission of "including this inclination from various aspects and draw an appropriate mechanism to implement it and convert it from a theory to a tangible practice."

In a televised statement, the Jordanian TV underlined the importance of this political development "starting as from people's organizations up to the centers of decision making, not the opposite way round."

Is it any wonder that the policy of the United States is to create just such a "central democratic state" in the Middle East?  Is it any wonder that the WHOLE world is rushing toward the UNIFICATION of Sunni, Shia, and Kurd to prohibit chaos in Iraq (especially the King of Jordan)?  Is it any wonder that (for at least two years) political analysts have openly called for Iraq and Jordan to be merged?

All that can be said about this is - Look up, for your redemption draweth nigh - and praise the Lord for the accuracy of His Word!!

Look at this verse again very carefully.  It is concerning the joining process-

The tabernacles of Edom , and the Ishmaelites; of Moab , and the Hagarenes; [Hagar’s descendents?] Gebal [1], and Ammon [2], and Amalek[3]; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre; Assur [4] also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah. -- Psalms 83:6-8

When it is said- Assur also is joined with them , the two kings Ammon and Amalek cover the northern and southern areas of the Jordan-Israeli border.  That part of the border which has NO king, the Moabites (aka the children of Lot), is being helped.  These assuredly appear to be the Palestinians presently caught on the border.  The joining helps them.  
Ammon  (with King Ammon)
Moab (no king)
Edom (King Amalek)
is the north-south alignment on the border.

Wonder if this has anything to do with the Jordanian King's recent change in the Crown Prince?  Yes, if it leads to Palestine joining Jordan and promotes Palestinian good will as is being suggested today.

The town Assur was also known as Ninevah.  The book of Nahum says the antichrist arises in Ninevah-
The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite. -- Nahum 1:1

There is one come out of thee, that imagineth evil against the LORD, a wicked counsellor. 
  -- Nahum 1:11

So, when Assur (Ninevah in Kurdistan ) joins with Jordan (Amalek and Ammon), the antichrist rises.
See also the invasion route of the antichrist.

Post Script

So much for the  "western" view of political prophecy.  These ten kings and their locale (and the locale of the antichrist ) put the generally accepted EU theory into the waste basket.  The West is so proud that we can not imagine how we are just bit players.
(This does beg the question - are we (the U.S., etc)  " dwelling carelessly in the isles?"   We know that a "fire" devours those. See Ezekiel 38-39)

 The Bible is clear about the location of the endtimes empire .   These 10 kings are in the same location as that part of Alexander the Great's empire (Seleucid, Assyrian) which is prophesied to play a role before Christ returns.   In fact, the SHAPE of this joined empire is nearly exactly that of ancient Assyria (because Ammon, Moab, and Edom are the western part of Jordan).  Large portions of Southern Iraq and Southeastern Jordan are not part of the ancient Assyrian Empire.

This also seems to imply that the "Shia" nation is destroyed in the Magog invasion .  See this for timing .

The Lord views things in the 70th week from the viewpoint of Israel.  It is Daniel's 70th week for a reason.
See also this on Daniel's 70th week .

See this page for a slightly different twist.


This page was originally constructed using those "Kings" whose names were actually given in the text.  However, since it might be said that  the named "Kings"  (starting with Sisera ) are under the descriptive words "Do unto them (those named in verses 6-8, who ARE yet future) AS  and then Sisera and the rest are listed. Consequently, it can be correctly argued that the Kings starting with Sisera were historical and they serve as examples of what will happen to the future 10 kings.

So, where does that leave us?  It still leaves us with the FUTURE 10 KINGS.  Here they are (the bold print were also kings in the original list)

The tabernacles of Edom [1], and the Ishmaelites [2]; of Moab [3], and the Hagarenes [4]; [Hagar’s descendents?] Gebal [5], and Ammon [6], and Amalek [7]; the Philistines [8] with the inhabitants of Tyre[9]; Assur [10] also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah. -- Psalms 83:6-8
This still leaves us with 10 Kings in the immediate environ of Israel which will be JOINED and a schematic that looks like this-

                                                  GEBAL in Lebanon                                                 ASSUR in Iraq                
                                                                                                                                                                                                               TYRE in Lebanon                                                                     

AMMON in Jordan

MOAB in Jordan
(children of Lot helped)

    AMALEK in Jordan         
    EDOM in Jordan               

The above schematic is certainly more descriptive of FUTURE kings that will be confederated against Israel.  They will do so WHEN ASSUR (Northern Iraq) is JOINED with the other 9 Kings.  This is a 100 PERCENT Moslem confederacy against the nation Israel.

Since this occurs at the mid point of the tribulation (at least for ONE HOUR) and since the "Shia" nation is not represented in the Old Assyrian Empire, it seems that the destruction of the "Shia" nation is completed with the invasion of Israel by "Persia" et al in Ezekiel 38-39 prior to this confederation .  This seems to confirm our hypothesis regarding the timing of the Gog invasion.

Southern Iraq is a "Shia" nation and will likely side with Iran against Israel.  Even though this strategy for Iran is risky, remember that "hooks" will be put in the "jaws" and they will be compelled to invade by the Almighty Himself.

End 01-31-2005

In any case,  one of the significants points of this discussion is that  the JOINING of Assur (Ninevah), a city in northern Iraq, and Ammon (the northern portion of the West Bank in Jordan) becomes the moment of the rise to power of the 10 kings and the antichrist.  This is a slightly different twist than is presented on this page .  Translation - the "Cheney doctrine" (advocated by many in the Bush White House) of joining Iraq and Jordan (and in so doing extending the authority of the antichrist) becomes a significant Biblical reality.

from the following website we learn how the recent elections in Iraq will increase pressure on the United States to unite the northern (Kurds, read Assur) with the Jordanians (read Ammon, Moab, Edom).
Sunday, February 13, 2005
Shiites, Kurds, win Big
Bush Loses Election in Iraq
(hardly the way it is being reported)

The three big winners were the United Iraqi Alliance
[read Shiites] (about 48 percent), the Kurdistan alliance (26 percent) and the Iraqiyah list of interim prime minister Iyad Allawi (about 13 percent). These three account for 88 percent of the seats in parliament, or so. The other eleven percent go to tiny parties like that of al-Yawir, the Sadrists (Cadres and Chosen List) and the Communists.

Although Allawi's list is among the three with more than two digits, in fact he lost big. Allawi had all the advantages of incumbency. He dominated the air waves in December and January. He went to Baghdad University and made all sorts of promises to the students there and it was dutifully broadcast, and there were lots of photo ops like that. Allawi's list also spent an enormouos amount on campaign advertising. The source of these millions is unknown, since Paul Bremer passed a law making disclosure of campaign contributions unnecessary (the Bush administration's further little contribution to "democracy" in the Middle East). Despite these enormous advantages, clear American backing, money, etc., Allawi's list came in a poor third and clearly lacks any substantial grass roots in most of the country. It seems to have been the refuge of what is left of the secular middle class.

Allawi's defeat (he will not be prime minister in the new government) is a huge defeat for the Bush administration, though it will not be reported that way in the corporate media.

The system is set up so that a two-thirds majority is necessary to form a government. The United Iraqi Alliance needs to pick up 18 percent or about 50 seats to go forward. The easy place to get those 50 seats is from the Kurds, who have 70 or so. This step will require that substantial concessions be made to the Kurds, who want the presidency, a redrawing of the provincial map of Iraq to creat a united Kurdistan province, and substantial provincial autonomy or "states rights."

The US now hopes to use the Kurds to blunt the push for Islamic law from the UIA. This is the significance of Allawi's visit to Jalal Talabani of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and his support for Talabani as president. The Kurds and Allawi together control nearly 40 percent of seats in parliament. They can be outvoted on many issues, but they can't be ignored. Allawi is trying to ensure that Talabani's position is unassailable and to pressure the UIA to give up its own candidates for president, so as to bloc any rush to Islamic law .

The chief allies of the United States in the Mideast (other than Israel) are Jordan and the Kurds.  All three (US, Kurdistan, Jordan) are in a struggle against the Shia nation.  The Jordanian monarch is terrified of a Shia Iraq. The pressure will increase to unite these factions.  When this confederacy takes place we will be witnessing the one hour during which the antichrist and the ten kings unite.
Of course, the believers will be gone and the timetable looks like this .  The JOINING takes place in the 2nd half of Daniel's 70th week.

The antichrist will arise from this alliance.   He will come from this area (when his power is established and the JOINing together takes place)..

End 02-14-2005


from the website-
we read how that the recent bombing assassination of Rafiq Hariri in Lebanon was the direct result of his support of a direct (without Syria) link of Lebanon to Israel in the peace process .

Last year, Hariri stepped down in protest against the extension of pro-Syrian president Emile Lahoud’s presidency and was about to take the lead of the opposition. A towering figure in Lebanese politics, Hariri was expected to fight the election due to take place in April or May.

The Lebanese hammer blow that came down on the Bush administration from Beirut set back its plans to bring democratic reforms to the Middle East . US officials were still digesting the import of Iraq’s general election the day after its results were released in Baghdad. They were also still waiting for Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas to come up to scratch in fighting terrorism. Its impact will be regional in magnitude, affecting the next stage of Iraqi insurgency and the chances of a Palestinian-Israeli accommodation.

According to DEBKAfile’s intelligence sources, the assassination was staged by Syrian military intelligence headed by General Rostum Ghazala. It capped two years of attempts by the Bush administration to engage Assad by diplomacy. On February 14, the confrontation between Washington and Bashar Assad’s regime abruptly shot up to a new level: the Syrian president had decided to resort to the vicious tactics of Iraq and Lebanon’s ugly past, finally impelled by a circumstance that DEBKA-Net-Weekly 193 revealed on February 1:

For the first time in the annals of the Arab-Israeli dispute,
Lebanon’s senior opposition politicians are pressing for the government in Beirut to recognize Israel and sign a separate peace treaty with the Jewish state - without reference to Damascus .

The reason I am bringing this to your attention is that after hearing about the assassination I went back to the maps in the historical Harper Atlas of the Bible and the National Geographic Atlas of the World for comparison purposes.  Originally, when I published this page, I incorrectly listed GEBAL as being in Syria.  It is not in Syria, but right on top of Beirut!!!!!  Tyre is south of Gebal in Lebanon as well.  I have updated the second schematic of the ten kings accordingly and as you can see there is no representation among the ten kings for Syria, only Lebanon, the very nation whose political leader was assassinated because he is in favor of negotiating the peace with Israel.  It looks like when Assur (northern Iraq) joins with Jordan, it will be with Lebanon and without Syria.  Syria is willing to assassinate to stop the process.

I would not mess with the WORD of GOD.  It is all coming to pass EXACTLY as He said in the prophets.  I might add that Psalms 83 is a Psalm of Asaph.  Asaph had 12 Psalms - 50 and 73-83 inclusively.  The 83rd Psalm is the last thing Asaph had to say in the Bible.   Looks like his silence is still speaking.  

End 02-15-2005


In the light of Assur joining Ammon and the eventual uprooting of three kings, we read

His Majesty King Abdullah II on Thursday received Chairman of Iraqi Presidency Court Naseer Al Ani, who delivered a letter to His Majesty from Iraqi President Jalal Talabani that affirms the Iraqi keenness to boost relations with Jordan in the various fields.

In the presence of Director of the King’s office Bassem Awadallah, Director of the General Intelligence Department Gen. Muhammad Al Thahabi and Iraqi Ambassador to Amman Saad Al Hayani, His Majesty the King affirmed Jordan’s support to all efforts that aim to keep the unity of the Iraqi people and to achieve security and stability.

King Abdullah also stressed the importance of boosting relations between Jordan and Iraq for the interest of both nations.

For his part, Al Ani briefed the King on the latest developments in Iraq and on the exerted efforts to achieve the national reconciliation among all Iraqi parties.

This is just amazing to me that we are alive to see this happening.

End 07-29-2007

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